Towhees in America

Towhees are a genus of birds with the Latin name Pipilo, that are represented in the United States by 6 species. Some of these are common birds, probably seen in many readers back yards or city parks. These birds resemble sparrows and buntings in that they have large bills for crushing seeds, and that they tend to inhabit brushy thickets and dense cover.

Of the 6 species the two most common in much of the US are the Eastern Towhee and the Spotted towhee. These species were previously considered one species called the Rufous towhee, and are somewhat similar in appearance. As you would expect the Eastern towhee is found in the eastern US, primarily east of the Rocky Mountains. It is black above and black headed, with a white belly and rufous sided. Rufous is a color that is orangish red, somewhat brick color. They have a white wing bar and females have brown in the areas where males are black. The Spotted towhee replaces the Eastern towhee in the western US. They have white spots on the wings as the most obvious field mark to differentiate them from the Eastern birds.

In California and very southern Oregon is the California towhee. It is a bird found easily in much of its range and has a distinct call note, a loud metallic chip. It is a large sparrow-like bird, with a long tail, brownish-gray above, pinkish white below, with a streaked throat. Like all towhees it forages by scratching the ground both legs at a time.

Canyon towhees resemble California towhees and are found in parts of Arizona, New Mexico and Texas primarily. They have a rust brown crown and a dark central breast spot that are helpful in identification.

Abert's towhee is located in limited areas of south-eastern California, Arizona, Nevada, Utah and New Mexico. It resembles a California Towhee but has a black central face around the bill.

Green-tailed towhees are found in areas of the western US, mostly at higher elevations in dry scrublands. It has a bright rufous cap on the head and a green back and wings, with a white throat.

All of the towhees are members of the same family, Emberizadae, as the sparrows.

The Healing Synergy of Talk and Touch

  • Touch allows you to get to the heart of the matter.
  • Talk allows you to understand its meaning.
  • Combining empathic talk with gentle, healing touch is transformational.

The Rubenfeld Synergy Method (RSM) was developed in the 1970's by its founder, Ilana Rubenfeld. She began her career as a conductor and gradually began having intense pain in her back and shoulders. This led her on a journey toward personal exploration and self-healing. At that time, she received Alexander Technique sessions which were focused on helping her to re-align her posture and movement. But as she received this gentle touch, her emotions would bubble to the surface and the Alexander Teacher was not trained in how to help her. So she traveled across town in New York City to spend time with a Gestalt Therapist. But in the therapy sessions her emotions were not as easily stirred up. That is what prompted her to begin combining that gentle touch with talk in an effort to integrate the two systems in her body. The result was more than the two separate entities, so the term "synergy."

Rubenfeld Synergists are men and women who came at the same realization or "aha" moment in their careers and their lives. They saw Ilana Rubenfeld or another "Synergist" perform the "magic" that occurs during a session. They saw, with their own eyes, the transformation of the client's experience when receiving this type of listening touch and intentional dialogue. That "aha" moment has brought bodyworkers (massage therapists, chiropractors, reiki practitioners, nurses, and other practitioners who use touch in their work), psychotherapists (psychologist, social workers, marriage and family therapists, mental health counselors and even psychiatrists who have only used talk when working with clients), housewives, businessmen, advocates, medical professionals, artists, musicians and others into the healing experience of becoming a certified Rubenfeld Synergist.

Where can you find a qualified practitioner of this unusual and powerful work? Here are the locations of currently certified synergists and the locations just keep expanding and this work reaches out to hungry clients and curious therapists.

Certified Synergists In the US

  • Washington
  • Oregon
  • California
  • Arizona
  • Montana
  • Wyoming
  • Colorado
  • New Mexico
  • Minnesota
  • Tennessee
  • Indiana
  • Michigan
  • Ohio
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • South Carolina
  • North Carolina
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Washington DC
  • Pennsylvania
  • New York
  • Maryland
  • Delaware
  • New Jersey
  • Connecticut
  • Massachusetts
  • Vermont

Certified Synergists in Canada

  • British Columbia
  • Alberta
  • Ontario, CA

Certified Synergists in Europe

  • Wales
  • England
  • Ireland
  • Scotland

Trainees in Taiwan

If you are seeking a way to heal your body and your emotional upsets without medication, RSM is a pathway to explore. If you want to help your clients heal from both physical and emotional pain, you can begin to learn this powerful method in just 7 months. Check out the Rubenfeld Synergy Web Site to find a practitioner in your location and check out the Rubenfeld Training Institute Web site to learn about the upcoming trainings.

Business Telephone System

Man small businesses are either weary of the new VOIP business telephone system and others may not even have heard about it. The new Voice Over Internet Protocol business telephone systems are revolutionizing the way business is being conducted, on a global level. Large business and small businesses alike are able to take advantage of the benefits of the VOIP business telephone system.

VOIP has come along way to being portable and useful. As technology moves forward, this type of business telephone system progresses, too. In the beginning, VOIP business telephone systems required that people be at their computers to use it, and the sound quality was very poor. Now, you are able to receive VOIP business telephone systems on a standard phone and the sound quality is much better.

The major benefit of the VOIP business telephone system is that it will significantly decrease your telephone operating costs. You will be able to have one network for both your phone system and your network, so it will also save you from having to pay two separate bills each month. Plus the cost associated with changes in employee status can significantly decrease by moving to a VOIP business telephone system.

The flexibility of the VOIP business telephone system also makes it appealing to many companies. With this type of business telephone system, your phone system can go wherever you can access a broadband connection. This means that your will always have access to your phone even when you travel. You can even use the VOIP business telephone system on your laptop, as many VOIP systems have telephony software that allows you to send and receive calls using a unit connected to your laptop.

Other benefits of the VOIP business telephone system include receiving voice mail and faxes in your e-mail box. This business telephone system allows you to organize all of your messages on your computer. You will also be able to gain access to virtually any phone number in any area code without paying extra. Through a VOIP business telephone system, if you want to attract consumers in New Mexico, you can have a New Mexico phone number even if your business is located in Connecticut.

If you are considering changing over to a VOIP business telephone system, you will want to make sure your transition goes smoothly. Therefore, you may want to hire an expert to come in and help you switch over to a VOIP business telephone system, especially if you have a larger company. You can also start off slowly by only switching over a few employees first to test this new business telephone system and ease everyone into it. Also, to avoid any issues, you will also want to make sure your network security is up to date in order to avoid hackers, as you should already be doing to protect your computers.

Read the rest of the article here: Business Telephone System.

Mexican Food Restaurants in Las Cruces

Mexican Food

Red or Green, that is actually New Mexico's state question. So when you're in the area do not even think about leaving without sampling some of the finest chile in the Mesilla Valley. Just thinking about chile can make your mouth start watering for enchiladas, tacos, tamales, flautas, gorditas, fajitias, chile rellenos, huevos rancheros … and the list goes on and on. But wait, do not forget about the salsa! When it comes to the restaurants that serve this hot, spicy condiment, they are usually judged on whether their salsa is great, good or just so-so.

Mexican Food Restaurants

Okay, now that you're thinking about eating some hot and spicy food let me help you to decide where to go find some of the best Mexican food in Las Cruces! Did you know that there are around 300 restaurants in the "City of the Crosses?" And a good chunk of those serve Mexican, so how do you know where to find the best ones? Well, I have lived in Las Cruces for most of my life and have eaten a ton of the hot stuff, so maybe I can help you out here. Now, this is not just a list of great Mexican restaurants, no, each one will have something they are best at, be it enchiladas, tacos or even their chips and salsa. If you live here, I would suggest you try each restaurant out and come up with your own favorite dishes.

The Best Mexican Food Restaurants in Las Cruces

Nellie's Cafe – Green Chile Enchiladas, Red Chile Stuffed Sopapillas, Menudo, Chile Relenos and great salsa.

Andele's – Steak and Green Chile Torta, Green Chicken Enchiladas, Tacos al Carbon, Half Chicken to go and a really great salsa bar.

Dick's Cafe – This is the place the locals go for Green Chile Burgers and Salsa.

Bravo's Cafe – Chicharon and Chile Relleno Burritos, Tasty Menudo and Salsa.

Chilitos – Great Fajitas and their Chile is not too hot. Nice outdoor patio.

Roberto's – Vegetarian Tamales with Green Chile and Cheese. Chile is very hot.

Los Compas – Chile Relleno Burritos, Tacos, Hot Salsa.

Si Senor – Ceviche (shrimp and crab) tostadas, Salsa and Chip Dips, Sopapillas are great and free at the end of the meal.

Nopalitos – Chicken Flautas, Green Chile Salsa, Sopapillas.

La Posta – Combination Plates, Chips and Salsa, Apricot Empanada with Vanilla Ice Cream. Great ambience for tourists.

Yes, there are many more good Mexican restaurants in Las Cruces, but these are the ones that I have eaten at, and that I would suggest taking your visitors who are in need of a "chile fix." You may not agree with my choices, everyone's taste buds are different, but that is why it is called "having an opinion" and that is my opinion on the Best Mexican Food Restaurants in Las Cruces!

Four Essentials of Elk Antler Shed Hunting

Every spring thousands of outdoor enthusiasts head into the mountains in search of bull elk antler sheds. Most folks pick up 2 or 3 every season after spending hours combing the forest and mountains for sheds. I have lived in the eastern White Mountains of Arizona since the early 1990’s and have been hunting antler sheds every spring. I generally pick up 30-50 sheds a season and average one about every 2 1/2 hours. Here are some tips on how you can increase your odds of finding bull elk antler sheds.


Mountain weather can be inclimate and change with very little notice. You will need to prepare yourself in advance by wearing the proper outerwear. First off, you need to be wearing a really good pair of boots. The terrain is steep and the footing is loose. Hiking shoes just won’t do the job. Hiking boots are better, but your best bet is a good leather Gore-Tex hunting boot. I prefer Danner Boots, they are comfortable and sturdy. Next is a regular pair of denim blue jeans. You are constantly going through brush, butt sliding, kneeling and occasionally slipping and falling. Nylon pants get tore up pretty fast. For a top layer, a wick dry tee-shirt along with a technical nylon or fleece top will work very well. You want to stay warm, but allow the sweat to be wicked away. It’s also a good idea to wear a bright color on top especially if you’re shed hunting with a partner, you need to be able to see each other from a distance. Camo is generally not a good idea. A good baseball style hat is also essential to keep the sun out of your eyes. I wear a long bill hat from my wife’s fly fishing guide business. This is mainly because you will not be wearing sunglasses, sunglasses tint the natural surrounding and you will not see the antlers laying on the ground unless they’re old white chalks. Sunglasses also make it difficult to use binoculars effectively.


There are three essential items that you should carry with you at all times when you’re shed hunting. The first is a good pair of binoculars. I use a pair of 12×50’s that can be purchased for around $100-150. You also want to purchase the over the shoulder straps for the bino’s ($15). These will hold the glasses close to your chest and keep them from banging on rocks and hanging up in the brush. Next is a sidearm, if allowed in your state. You will be hiking into prime mountain lion country. I carry a.45 titanium revolver and it has saved my life twice by firing warning shots above charging lions. I have never killed one. (Perhaps a future story?) I simply will not go deep into the mountains without a sidearm and will not allow hunting companions to do so either. Finally you will need a 2000-3000 backpack with straps that will clip and unclip the antlers onto the back of the pack. Preferably, also a bladder reservoir with a bite tube for hydration.

Remember, the points always are packed away from you and depending on the size of the antler, the button may point up or down….try not to let the points dig into your butt, or bang against your head. I can carry (3-4) antlers in this manner, then one in each hand if I find a real honey hole. Your pack should include: extra hardshell, in case of inclimate weather, radios, if traveling with more than one person (essential), headlamp, matches, map, GPS (optional) first aid kit, utility tool like a Leatherman, sunscreen, toilet paper, extra liter of water and your lunch. In some areas, such as the Blue Wilderness, I carry a lightweight climbing harness, a couple of carabiners, rappel device and a 100′ length of static rappelling rope for getting myself out of tricky situations.


Now that you’ve assembled all of your outerwear and gear, it’s almost time to go elk antler shed hunting. However, to prevent you from wandering from mountain to canyon without purpose, you will need a good map of the area. The best are USGS topo maps available online – we like to laminate ours. I also like to utilize Google Maps and Google Earth. National Forest maps are also handy for finding roads for access into remote areas, but most the side roads are unmarked. The main thing is to have a “search plan” and stick with the plan. Your plan should reflect the four essentials mentioned below. Always let someone else know where you’re going and when you’ll be back. A note on the kitchen counter to my wife usually works for me. You also may want to carry a GPS and mark the location of your vehicle before you go trotting into a remote area.

As you plan your elk antler shed hunting adventure you should be thinking about four essential items: Security, Access, Conditions and Terrain. Any successful shed hunting trip will require all four of these items to be present. If only one essential element is missing, you will have very little luck finding sheds and likely be skunked. All we are doing is increasing the probability of finding an elk antler shed in a given area.


I believe that elk antlers are painful before they fall off. There is no scientific evidence that I am aware of to support my belief, but nonetheless I firmly believe this to be a true fact. The level of pain may be different for each bull elk, from a minor toothache to an abscessed tooth. The level of pain may also vary with age. So, take a minute and consider how you personally feel when you’re sick with a toothache, say maybe a root canal. Generally, you want to relax as much as possible, stay warm and comfortable, very little social contact, have water and food close-by, maybe sleep a little more than usual. Most of all, you really don’t want to be bothered. You just want to get this over with and get on with your life. My contention is that is exactly how a bull elk feels when those big antlers start to loosen up. They want to be safe and secure.

So, where would a bull elk feel safe and secure? The question is probably better asked where they wouldn’t feel safe and secure. Well, to be honest, definitely not around their girl friends, the cow elk. If I see loads and loads of fresh cow elk scat, I’m probably not in a good area for finding sheds. The bulls sometimes gather into smaller groups of 4-8 when they are about to drop, but most of the time this is a solitary event when it actually happens. They also do not want to be cold, they generally like to be as warm and comfortable as possible. I generally do not find elk sheds on north facing slopes unless I’m working a large mountain with deep backbone type ridges…even then, odds are far greater on the sunny sided slopes. This next one is very important, they also tend to avoid deep thick brushy areas, which are prevalent on north facing mountains. Remember, if you buy into my belief, these antlers hurt. They do not want them to be knocking against trees and bushes…kinda like stubbing a toe that you’ve already stubbed. However, the areas may be short and brushy, like a live oak forest with the height of the oak around 5′. This allows them to move around and carry the antlers above the brush, but have the ability to lie down in between them to seek protection.

The astute shed hunter would probably say, “Yea okay, but I’ve found a few sheds in wide open meadows”. My answer would be, “Sure, they are traveling to and from their water source and feeding area from a secure area”. Elk do not get delivered pizza when they are sick. In addition, you will typically find only one side in a meadow…they’ve already dropped the other one in their secure area. Finally, there is one last important point to be made about security – mountain lions. When a bull elk beds down, it’s usually not in a place where it can be easily attacked. They like to have good field of vision, which means quite often they like it higher up on the mountain. Overhanging rock ledges that they can tuck under are also places that always need to be searched. Think about when you were young and about to go to bed, but you have a tooth coming lose, you can’t sleep. Your parents would come into your bedroom and pull the loose tooth out – I always howled after the doorknob and the string trick! If a bull elk is bedding down and those antlers are hurting just enough that they cannot sleep, they will knock both of them off where they are bedding down. A matched bull elk antler set is almost the best possible find…next to a winterkill.

Good examples of secure areas are drainages and just below ridgelines. Please keep in mind, these areas can be quite large, sometimes a square mile.


This is the easiest of the essential elements and the one in which I see the most mistakes. Environmental conditions have a tremendous effect on where a bull elk may drop an antler shed. The main condition is weather and the other is the time of the year. I am going to make another bold assumption that is not based on scientific fact, but I know this to be true. A bull elk will not drop antlers in snow. However, they actually like being close to snow, specifically the snow line on a mountain. If you can determine where the snow line is on a mountain at the time of year when the antler dropped, you have saved yourself a tremendous amount of hunting in the wrong places (most common error). Typically, when I find a fresh brown antler shed the first thing I look at is my wristwatch altimeter and determine the elevation in which I picked up the shed. (A good reason to carry a GPS as well) Most of the time, there is no snow where I picked up the shed. I am attempting to determine the snow line on the mountain at the time of the drop. From that point forward, the highest probability of finding another shed is either 150′ above or below where you found the first shed. This means you are zig-zagging up and down the mountain. However, when you find your second shed on the same mountain, you are now adding to your database of knowledge to further refine your elevation search area. In the eastern White Mountains of Arizona and west Central New Mexico almost all of my sheds are found between 8300-9500.’ You will need to determine the average in your area in accordance with the snow line.

The other half of the equation is time of year. Bull elk generally drop their antlers over a 6-8 week period. In our region this is early March to late April. However, there is always a 10 day or so period when the majority drop their antlers. Large elk drop their antlers first. I consider a large elk anything over a 50″ main beam – usually a 6X. The medium-sized ones are next, around 36″ main beam and then the small 3X are last. Many shed hunters make the mistake of going out too early. Our area is packed with shed hunters early in the season, few are found. My early season adventures are usually on a sunny ridge line with 12×50 binoculars and a lunch. I’m watching the migration patterns and by the way, picking out the biggest racks.

Try to limit your search to areas a couple hundred feet below the snowline, using a zig-zag pattern during the time of year when they are actually shedding their antlers.


I have to include access as an essential element since this is a somewhat competitive adventure. If there are a lot of folks in the area in which you intend to hunt for sheds, you will likely not be successful. This is a major violation of the essential security element. However, it is important enough to warrant its own category. You may see bull elk in areas populated by humans, but they really do not like to shed their antlers unless they are traveling to and from a secure area. Think about it this way…if an ATV can get into your area, it’s not a good place to hunt for sheds. Bull elk do not like roaring ATV engines or diesel trucks for that matter. They like it secure, comfortable and quiet.

I sometimes utilize an ATV to get close to an area that I’ll be hunting sheds. But that ATV is typically parked at least a mile away from my target area. You do not want to spook them away if they haven’t dropped yet. You really do need to go in on foot, disturb as little of the area as possible and leave with your bounty. I have witnessed prime areas ruined by careless individuals.

This is a competitive adventure. If there are a lot of folks going into your area. It may be picked clean every year. If the access is easy, the masses will show up to hunt antlers. If the access is difficult, you probably have your own private hunting ground. Here’s another general rule of thumb, if a rancher is grazing cattle in your area, it’s probably not a good place to hunt sheds. Cowboys ride fence lines every spring once the snow is gone, they know their cattle allotment section like the back of their hand. Basically, you’ve had experts in your area for years picking up sheds.

The more remote and inaccessible by any type of vehicle including horses, the higher the probability of finding elk antler sheds.


Elk can drop their antlers almost anywhere, we are only interested in the areas in which there is the highest probability of a “drop zone”. Quite often, this is where a bull elk will bed down. It also may be where they travel too and from a secure area. However, it is always an area in which they are familiar. When I go into a new area to “develop” I am looking for a specific type of terrain to match my other essential elements. I’m also looking for bull elk scat and tree rubs. Hey, wait a minute!! Bull elk rub the velvet off their antlers well after they shed. I agree, but they also tend to gravitate towards areas of familiarity. So, as I look at the ground and the rubbings on the trees, I’m also scanning the horizons with my binoculars…because I’m always looking for a specific type of terrain.

The best possible terrain is directional and prioritized in this order, south, southwest, west, southeast and east facing slopes. North facing slopes as mentioned earlier are almost always a no go, unless it is a large mountain with steep ridgelines that have sun-washed side canyons. As yet another general rule of thumb, grassy slopes are better than rocky slopes. If the slope is all rock, it’s probably not a good area. It has to have some grass with the rock…all grass with a few rocks is best.

Some of my friends kid me about have legs like a T-Rex. This is probably due to the fact that most of the sheds that I find are located on slopes between 30 and 50 degrees. If you’re unfamiliar with degrees of slope angle, a 12/12 pitch roof is 45 degrees. A lot of churches have steep roof lines similar to the terrain in which elk antler sheds are found. Obviously it takes a lot of determination to work your way up a steep slope hunting an antler shed. However, this is generally a secure area, with lots of visibility and often near a water source below in a canyon. The good news is, you get to stop every 50′ or so, take a break and scan the area with your binoculars.

A typical search pattern on a steep south-facing grassy slope would go something like this…First pass is the ridgeline itself, taking your time to look down into the slope and then back just off the ridgeline. The next pass may be 20-40′ below the ridgeline and usually at least one or two more passes even lower. However, if you’re just going to make one pass, you need to utilize a zig-zag pattern to cover as much area as possible. The whole time, your thinking about security issues for the elk, environmental conditions in the area during the time the snow line was present and access in regards to the remoteness of the area.


Please do not get discouraged if you read all of this information and do not immediately find an elk antler shed although all four essential elements are present. This is meant to be a fun guide to increase your chances of finding shed antlers. From the outset, you should consider your mission to develop areas where you know that they will be dropping. I have found hundreds and hundreds of elk sheds, 70% of them come from a dozen areas that took me years to explore and develop. I go into those areas three times each – early, mid and late season.

I do not sell any of my antler sheds. They are either gifts to family and friends or they end up in my workshop becoming lamps, end tables or candle holders. A hundred or so adorn the gateway to our mountain home.


The eastern White Mountains of Arizona include the communities of Alpine, Nutrioso and Greer. The 538,000 acre Wallow Fire (Summer 2010) burned over 850 square miles of this beautiful area. We lost our home for 15 years along with two businesses due to the irresponsibility and negligence of the Apache National Forest Management Team. We presently reside 300 miles away at the South Rim of the Grand Canyon.

What Is Community Infrastructure District ("CID")?

The Background of CID – As the development of real estate continues to expand in Idaho, the impact caused by such expansion requires the necessary construction of public infrastructure to accommodate such growth. In 2008, Idaho legislature enacted the Idaho Community Infrastructure District Act (“Act”). The purpose of the Act was to create new mechanism for the financing of public improvements for the public agencies and developers alike. The Act, styled after similar legislation in New Mexico and Florida, addressed a critical issue of how to pay for new public improvement burdens in a cost effective manner. The Act authorizes bonds to be issued and repaid with a mechanism that taxes or assesses the land benefiting by the new public improvements. This provides for much needed community development which may otherwise be infeasible due to the significant costs imposed by the extensive public improvement burdens. At the present time, a Community Infrastructure District (“CID”) is allowed in an incorporated city or in the county if within the City’s comprehensive planning area and the city consents to the CID formation. The Act allows for the issuance of general obligation bonds, special assessment bonds or revenue bonds or any combination thereof. The projected annual assessment, tax or revenue stream secures the repayment of the bonds.

Eligible Public Improvements Available For CID Financing

  • Water Improvements
  • Sewer Improvements
  • Flood Control Projects
  • Roadways
  • Public Parking Structures
  • Landscaping and Lakes
  • Lighting and Traffic Control
  • Parks
  • Recreational Facilities
  • Public Safety Facilities
  • Financing Costs
  • Real Property Interests
  • Development Impact Fees

A sound CID should be established with the following overall objectives in mind:

The real estate developer’s financial goals should be met whenever reasonably possible since their project and its customers will be repaying the borrowing costs of the CID financing so long as it does not present any undue credit risk;

The real estate developer should use an experienced consultant to assist them in understanding all available options when going through the CID process;

On larger development projects, the CID financing should be structured to allow for multiple bond issues at different points in time and improvement areas should be employed to minimize the financial obligation on unimproved or underdeveloped property; The particular development project characteristics or constraints should be understood so that relevant risk associated with the project’s development and its ability to repay bond debt is clear. Examples of this are environmental constraints, infrastructure constraints, and private financing caps;

The legal and engineering side of the construction and/or acquisition of the improvements should be understood if tax exempt bond financing is being used. More specifically, the specific construction related guidelines and procedures should be spelled out when a real estate developer is constructing the public improvements and seeking reimbursement from CID bond proceeds;

The estimated annual cost and the maximum annual cost of the CID financing to the borne by all property owners involved in the development process needs to be fully understood and properly disclosed; and

The project’s appraised value needs to be properly performed consistent with sound bond underwriting and appraisal practices because the CID bonds are ultimately secured by the projects value. The appraisal instructions should be clearly defined from a CID bond credit perspective. For example, if bonds are being issued on an appraised value that assumes the project has unimproved lots with no performance guarantees at the appraisal date, then the appraiser has overstated the value for the value-to-lien ratio.

For more information in properly establishing a CID please contact

The Life of Mammogram Inventor Stafford L Warren

Stafford L. Warren was one of the most significant contributors to radiology during his lifetime. He not only was the first doctor to perform a mammogram, but was also having a hand in turning UCLA into one of the most prestigious medical universities in the country, was a special assistant on mental disabilities to Presidents John F Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson, and aided the US government in testing nuclear weapons before speaking out about the dangers of nuclear fallout from weapons testing, which were controversial at the time. However, his strong opinions would have ever been considered, leading up to the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in 1963.

Born in New Mexico in 1896, Stafford L. Warren attended the University of California, Berkeley, and graduated with his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1918. Heading to the University of California, San Francisco, he graduated with his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1922 and later did post-doctoral work at John Hopkins School of Medicine and Harvard University.

Warren became an Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine in 1926. Since the Department of Radiology was brand new at the time, Warren was one of the original group of medical professionals that Dean George Whipple chose to staff the school. By 1930, Warren was an Associate Professor of Medicine. He began to study the work of Albert Salomon, a sociologist from the University of Berlin who produced over 3,000 images of mastectomy specimens and extensively studied the many forms and stages of cancer in the breast. Since Salomon was not keen to recognize the life saving aspects of his discoveries, Warren expanded on his research, using radiology to track changes in breast tissue and developing a stereoscopic technique in which the patient would lie on her side with one arm raised while being X-Rayed. This was a huge breakthrough for breast cancer detection, as it allowed diagnosis of breast cancer to be possible without surgery. Warren subsequently published "A Roentgenologic Study of the Breast" in 1930. Today Warren is cited as the inventor of the mammogram for his breast imaging technique. Each year mammograms are responsible to diagnosing millions of breast cancer cases, effectively saving the lives of women the world over.

Warren, having now tackled a major milestone in his career and developing a new life saving technique, then went on to take on a new project: overseeing the health and safety of thousands during the Manhattan Project. His new role meant being responsible for the safety aspects of the detonation of the Trinity nuclear test in Alamogordo, New Mexico on July 16, 1945. He later handled radiological safety when he led a team of surveyors to Japan, and to the Bikini Atoll in 1946, where more nuclear testing was done. Warren was in charge of assessing the radioactive contamination of the environment and atmosphere, which he was appalled by.

In response to this, in a piece for LIFE magazine in 1947 he wrote, "The development of atomic bombs has presented the world with a variety of formidable scientific, moral and political problems, almost all of them still unsolved." He went on to write an in depth analysis of the effects of the bombs, people and environment affected, the time length in which the effects of the bomb lasted, safety measures used during the Bikini expedition in which "a month passed before men could stay on some of the ships for more than an hour ", and" 300 men of the safety section lived and worked in the contaminated area to protect some 42,000 other members of the Bikini expedition. monitor who determined how long it could stay. " The men were then carefully carefully when they returned, and if their Geiger counters indicated radioactive contamination that they had to be bathed again. "Occasional when a man had taken off his protective gloves in the 'hot' area, the safety section had to dissolve the outer layer of skin from their hands with acid." Clothes and other materials found too contaminated were sunk into the ocean a mile below the surface, because there was literally "no other way to keep them permanently away from human beings."

In the article, Warren concluded that atomic weapons can never be prepared for by anyone involved, and that "no defense would have been effective." The only defense against atomic bombs still lies outside the scope of science. "

Warren left his position in 1946, becoming the Chief of the Medical Section of the Atomic Energy Commission, which is a civil agency that succeeded the Manhattan Project; and later he was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal and the Legion of Merit for his contributions to radioactive and atomic weapons safety.

In 1947, Warren was once again at the helm of a brand new medical university, this time UCLA, which had been voted on to establish a medical school for Southern California. He was appointed as the school's first dean. In 1951 the first students, 28 in total, were enrolled, and there were 15 faculty members. By 1955, when the class graduated, there were 43 faculty members. The UCLA Medical Center officially opened in 1955, and Warren oversaw many milestones and achievements while there, including the addition of schools for Dentistry, Nursing, and Public Health.

Warren not only was responsible for the invention of the mammogram, but for a number of impressive achievements involving radiological safety and education. His invention and teachings continue to save lives every day, and for that he stands as one of the great medical innovators of our time.

Hotels and Tourist Spots in Santa Fe

The capital of New Mexico is Santa Fe, and is the 4th largest city in the state of Santa Fe County. It is well known as the center for arts which reflect the multi-cultural character of the city. Opera and music are respected in the city with the yearly Opera productions that take place between June and August. It has many world-class hotels and most of them are situated around the historic downtown. Other world-class museums are situated in the Museum Hill district. The city hosts an apparently unending series if festivals, celebrations and community fairs.

Sites to See in Santa Fe

Lorretto Chapel

This chapel is situated in The Capital of New Mexico and known for its unusual spiral staircase. Many who visit it and the sisters of this chapel consider the builder and construction of the staircase a miracle. The chapel is used on a daily basis by female students of Lorretto Academy and by its nuns until the chapel and academy closed as a catholic institution.

San Miguel Mission

This Spanish colonial mission church is also called as San Miguel Chapel in New Mexico. The church claims to be the oldest church in the U.S. it was damaged during the Pueblo Revolt in 1680 but it was rebuilt in the year 1710 following the Spanish conquest and serving the Spanish soldier. This church is a contributing property of the Barrio De Analco Historic district.

Georgia O’Keeffe Museum

This private and non-profit museum is holding the repository works of Georgia O’Keeffe which is available to the public as a single institution. The permanent collections of O’Keeffe work are the biggest of any museum around the world. The museum now contains major gifts contributed by the Georgia O’Keeffe Foundation and the Burnett Foundation, Juan and Ana Marie Hamilton, Kathleen and Gerald Peters and so much more. The museum’s complete address is #217 John Street, Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States.

List of Hotels in Santa Fe

El Rey Inn

This inn is situated 14 miles away from the ABQ Airport and 15 minutes drive from the National Forest in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains for sightseeing, biking, hiking or skiing. The hotel delights its guest with private patios, a relaxing garden and attractively decorated Southwestern style accommodations. The inn offers its guests a varied selection of about 86 guestrooms and suites within reasonable rates.

The rooms range from deluxe Spanish colonial courtyards to traditional adobe to the moderately priced north courtyard. Deluxe rooms feature kiva fireplaces and are decorated with original artworks, ornate tinworks, fine woodworks and willow shutters. Handicapped units are also available. The Inn’s complete address is #1862 Cerrillos Road, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Fort Marcy Hotel Suites

This hotel is situated only a short drive from the National Forest and Santa Fe Ski Basin. It is also 4 blocks away from the popular Santa Fe Plaza. The hotel features one-two and three-bedroom units and each one offers a wood-burning fireplace, full kitchen, private patio, cable television and refrigerator.

The hotel welcomes their guests with daily complimentary pastries, coffee and juice. Other amenities include laundry facilities, an indoor swimming pool and hot tub as well as local area shuttle services. Their complete address is #320 Artist Road, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Hotel Santa Fe

This hotel offers their guests with the opportunity to witness handcrafted sculptures and Native American traditions as well as culture amidst a peaceful garden. It is situated within walking distances to many shops, restaurants and art galleries as well as museums. It is also a 10-minute drive from the National Forest. All guestrooms and suites feature cable televisions, room services, coffee makers, hairdryers and high-speed wireless Internet access. The hotel’s complete address is #1501 Paseo de Paralta, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

William Aloysius Keleher Legal Career

William Aloysius Keleher (1886-1972) became interested in law while observing the events at Bernalillo Country Courthouse. He joined a Law School at Washington and Lee University in Virginia the month of September, 1913. After nearly two years (mid-1915), he received his Bachelor of Law degree and was admitted to the New Mexico Bar after a few months.

After graduating, William Keleher pursued a career in law and relentlessly practiced it. Occasionally, he created a law firm that would one day, become the oldest and the most prestigious law firm in New Mexico. In 1929, he was joined by A. Howell McLeod and together, they became the most prominent trial lawyers in New Mexico. William's sons (William B. Keleher & Thomas F. Keleher) chose to follow the same path, which practiced law at the family firm. Their descendant, Michael, also continued the family tradition by contributing to the growth of Keleher and McLeod. Today, the practice of law at Keleher & McLeod reflects the same dedication and passion, undoably. Although the Keleher & McLeod corp. is not connected to the family, William B. Keleher and Thomas F. Keleher are the proud shareholders of the firm. It is located in Bernalillo County, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Keleher & McLeod's service promises to fulfill the destiny that guided the founding of the firm a long, long time ago. Its roots are indeed very deep in the state and it has ever grown into one of the state's most prominent commercial and civil law practitioners. However, it does not let all the glory get to its head; rather, Keleher & McLeod remains committed to the same legacy, commitment, and competency that made it a big success almost a hundred years ago.

It is universally known that in the long run, service matters the most. The attorneys and staff at this firm are devoted to providing superior-quality legal services to fulfill the requirement of the valued clients, and they do it in a quick yet efficient manner. The attorneys are always responsive and available for any kind of updates on the legal matters' status.

With over thirty dedicated and adept staff, the firm promises to deliver. All of them are qualified and have vast experience in the field of law. Even when one is working with a single attorney, he will perceive the expertise of the whole firm. The attorneys at the firm can unequivocally be depended on.

Keleher & McLeod is simply unmatched in terms of experience. Being founded in 1915, it boasts as one of the oldest firms in the state. A big chunk of the firms' employee comes from the UNM School of Law who are not only diligent, but also blessed with vast experience. In addition, they have been taking leadership in local and national professional associations on a regular basis. The firm who advocates are active in many social and charitable organizations, also posses a great sense of community. Simply put, the attorneys at Keleher & McLeod, with their vast experience, can be trusted to resolve ones legal problems. Keleher & McLeod has represented innumerable prestigious companies and high profile individuals over the past few decades. Among them, Wells Fargo & Co., and affiliated banks, Texaco Inc., Albuquerque Public Schools Board of Education, Qwest Corporation, Merrill Lynch, Heller Financial are considered noteworthy.

The Bar Register Practice Areas of the firm are Trusts and Estates, Wills and Probate & Insurance Defense. Keleher & McLeod covers practice areas like Administrative, Antitrust, Bankruptcy, Business, Children, Constitutional, Disabilities, Employee Benefits, Environmental, Government, Conservator-ship, Insurance, Labor and Employment, Mergers, Partnership, Products Liability, Real Estate, Trusts and Estates, Wills and many others.

William Aloysius Keleher was a man of vision. In his famous book, Memoirs, he stated that he had a feeling that perhaps destiny was guiding him in the direction of the courtroom. This was the pivotal moment when he decided to devote his life to the betterment of law in New Mexico. As a result of his vision and dedication, Keleher & McLeod was created which, even after almost a hundred year of establishment, relentlessly thrives to fulfill the requirement of the valued clients by providing high quality legal services.

The Benefits of Animal Therapy For Autism

For those of us who have had pets in our lives, it's no great surprise to learn that interactions with animals can have the therapeutic and healing benefits. Many animals soothe, comfort, and calm, just by their quiet presence. And animals are now also being used as a form of autism therapy.

A New Mexico Highlands University School of Social Work graduate student named Jennifer BarĂ³l lead a research project to study the benefits and impact of animal-assisted therapies on children with autism when used as a treatment tool.

The study, entitled "The Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on a Child with Autism" ran for 15 weeks between July and November of 2006. It was geared toward the goal of discovering whether or not there is any evidence that therapies based on animal- assistance would be able to improve an autistic child's social skills.

The results of the study were interesting. For example, before undergoing the animal-assisted therapy with an eight-year-old Australian Cattle Dog named Henry, participant Zachary, who was five years old, experienced a dramatic struggle in order to communicate. Zachary was sentenced to throwing tantrums as well as covering his ears and eyes when he became frustrated with his lack of ability to be understood. Participation in new activities was stressful to him. He could not understand how to play with others and had never before uttered a complete sentence.

However, once Zachary met and bonded with Henry, he went through a virtual transformation. His self-assurance level is much higher and he is willing to experience new activities with an obvious curiosity. Furthermore, Zachary is better able to understand what is going on around him, including the needs of others. Moreover, halfway through the therapy for the research project, Zachary completed his first sentence.

In the case of Zachary, a whole new world of experiences and understanding was opened up by the animal-assisted therapy. Within the mental hospital clinical reports, there have been many reports of autistic children who have built strong relationships with individual animals, such as pet dogs or cats. When autistic children play with animals, any violent tendencies they may have will typically disappear. They take on quite maternal characteristics, taking special care of the animal including feeding, cleaning up after them, and interacting with them.

The blood pressure of autistic children will also usually be lowered when experiencing an animal treatment. Furthermore, symptoms such as insomnia and headache can be eased with this treatment.

The companionship of animals can help reduce any lonely feelings in autistic children, promoting a base of healthy character development within them, including personality traits such as being respectful, trusting, contributing, committed, self-confident, and responsible. Autistic children can also learn decision-making skills, problem-solving skills, and both language and social skills through interactions with animals.

This kind of therapy can be beneficial overall, as well as in times of greater trial, such as puberty – when your child will go through many changes and have many questions and will be in need of greater stress relief.